Scheduling a professional eye exam with an optometrist in Kitchener is something that you should do on a regular basis. Not only will an eye exam determine if your vision has worsened (thereby allowing you to pick up the right prescription eyeglasses), but an eye exam can also help to identify potential eye diseases. It’s estimated that roughly 4.25 million Canadians have a serious eye disease and many of them don’t even realize it. As a result, the following are four of the most common eye diseases that you’ll want to be checked for:
- AMD – AMD (Age-related macular degeneration) is known as the most common cause behind vision loss for people over the age of 50. It’s caused by the thinning of the macula, which is the part of your retina that’s responsible for clear vision in your direct line of sight. AMD can cause blurriness, difficulty adapting to low light levels, decreased brightness of colours, and more. There are two main types: dry macular degeneration, which happens over time, and wet macular degeneration, which happens suddenly.
- Cataracts – Cataracts occur when the lens of your eye begins to cloud. It often appears as if you’re looking through a foggy window. Cataracts develop slowly over time, which is why a lot of people don’t realize they have it until their vision worsens significantly. Symptoms include clouded or blurred vision, sensitivity to light, difficulty with night vision, and more.
- Diabetic retinopathy – Diabetic retinopathy is a complication that occurs to people with diabetes. It causes damage to the blood vessels of the tissue in the retina. At first, patients experience mild vision problems. However, as it progresses, it can cause complete blindness.
- Glaucoma – Glaucoma is particularly dangerous because there are no mild symptoms leading up to what can result in permanent vision loss. It’s a condition in which high pressure within the eye causes damage to the optic nerve. This damage results in the loss of peripheral vision and permanent vision loss.
By diagnosing one of these common eye diseases in the early stages, there’s a chance that you can prevent it from getting worse and from affecting your vision. At the very least, you may be able to take steps to help prevent permanent vision loss. To schedule a professional eye exam, be sure to speak with a reputable optometrist in Kitchener by contacting us at KW Vision Centre today.